Upcoming Events



Upcoming Animal Science and Forages Programs

Contributed by: Josh Elmore, Regional Extension Agent

2018 Animal Science and Forage Webinar Series

Cow
Cow

Mark your calendars for the 2018 Webinar Series, held the second Wednesday of the month at 10:00 am CST. Join us for timely updates on management topics from members of the Animal Science and Forage Extension Team! https://auburn.zoom.us/j/198428318

Date Speaker Title
Jan 10 Dr. Leanne Dillard Grazing Management and Maximizing Forage Utilization on Cool-Season Forages
Feb 14 Dr. Audrey Gamble Improving Soil Health in Grazing Systems
Mar14 Courteney Holland Nutritional Needs of Horses – Steps to Meeting Their Demands
April 11 Dr. Kim Mullenix Forage Management Practices and Mineral Availability for Beef Cattle
May 9 Landon Marks Native Warm-Season Grasses
June 13 Michelle Elmore Marketing Beef Cattle
July 11 Dr. Brittney Goodrich Pasture, Rangeland and Forage Insurance
Aug 8 Alex Tigue Alabama Pasture to Rail Program
Sept 12 Dr. Rishi Prasad 4 R’s in Animal Waste Nutrient Management
Oct 10 Sarah Dickinson Estrous Synchronization and Artificial Insemination
Nov 14 Kent Stanford Nutrient Management Update

 

For more information and registration regarding any of these upcoming programs contact your local county extension office or Josh Elmore, Regional Extension Agent Animal Science and Forages.  205-646-3610 or 334-850-7859

The War Against Lawn Weeds

Contributed by: Mallory Kelley, Regional Extension Agent

Many of you have given up the battle to treat your lawn on your own, and many of you are still waging war yourself and wondering “What am I doing wrong?” Well, if you want to get ahead of the game, a pre-emergent applied in February is the way to go! This article will hopefully give you several tips from pre and post emergent products to fertilizers to help you achieve the beautiful lawn you are hoping for. 

The most popular product out there that seems to have it all, the “one stop shop” for all your lawn needs is the “weed and feed” products. I am often asked if this is the correct way to treat the lawn.  In central Alabama, there is not a large window of time during which this product would be beneficial, but it can be used in May or early June when an extra application of fertilizer would not hurt, and the application of the pre-emergent chemical in the product will help prevent weed seeds from germinating through the summer and into the fall.

The best and most effective control of weeds in the lawn may take a little more effort than the “weed & feed”, “all in one” products, but you can save money and time in the long run applying them separately.  Pre-emergent weed killers should be selected based on the type of grass you have.  These weed control products are preventative, so they should be applied before the weeds are visible in the lawn as they prevent the seeds of the weeds from germinating.  These and can be applied any time of year except during “green-up” or to newly seeded or sprigged lawns, but again February is a great month as we will soon have spring like temperatures and spring weeds will start to germinate.  Do not reseed a lawn for 4-6 months after a pre-emergent chemical is applied and remember to always read and follow all label instructions when making applications of any chemical.  I have provided information below to access our website for a list of all Pre and Post-emergent chemicals on the market so you can correctly select the chemical that is best for your lawn situation. Don’t forget, a post-emergent herbicide is only going to kill a weed that has already begun to grow in the lawn.

Fertilizers are generally applied twice throughout the year, first in early spring during green-up and then again in mid-summer.  Fertilizer type and amounts should be based on soil test results, not guess work and anytime is a good time to have a soil test.  Soil tests will provide you with the correct type of fertilizer and amounts needed for your specific lawn. A soil test will also indicate whether lime is needed, and lime can be added at anytime of year. Remember, lime raises the soil pH.  A soil test will help you become more accurate in your fertilizer application, provide your grass with the exact nutrients it needs and save you money down the road.

For information on proper care of your turfgrass visit our publications online at www.aces.edu and search for the type of grass you have.  Also, for a list of pre and post-emergent chemicals that are available and the type of lawn they can be applied to, visit our website and search for: IPM Weed Control or access this link:  http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/A/ANR-0500-B/VOL2-2011/home_lawns_weed.pdf

Join us in February for our lunch and learn gardening programs in Central Alabama.

All Programs are FREE and OPEN TO THE PUBLIC!

EVERY MONTH from 12:00-1:00, Bring a Sack Lunch, Drinks Provided!

February’s Topics and locations:

Montgomery: The 1st Wednesday of EVERY month, Armory Learning Arts Center, 1018 Madison Ave.              For more information: (334)270-4133

Topic: Home Gardening Facts, Mallory Kelley, Regional Extension Agent

Wetumpka: The 2nd Tuesday of EVERY month, Elmore Co. Extension Office, 340 Queen Ann Road     For more information: (334)567-6301

Topic: Backyard Birding and Wildlife, Hal Smith, Wild Birds Unlimited

Prattville: The 1st Thursday of EVERY month, Trinity United Methodist, 610 Fairview Ave., Prattville AL           For more information: (334)361-7273

Topic: Rose Gardens, Gloria Purnell, Master Rosarian

***Coosa: Monday, February 26 from 11:00-1:00 Coosa County Extension Office, 13999 AL Highway 22, Rockford, AL

For more information: (256)377-4713

Topic: Seed Starting and Grafting Techniques, Mallory Kelley, Regional Extension Agent

     

 

 

 

 

January 2018 Autauga County Newsletter

The Autauga County Extension Office is preparing for a busy 2018.

Review some of our programs in 2017 and get a look at some of the upcoming programs for 2018 in the latest Autauga County Extension Newsletter.

Click here: Autauga County Extension January 2018.

 

Grassroots Meeting of 2017

 

June 2017 Pressure Cooking Class

 

Friends of the Forest 2017

 

Autauga County Master Gardeners serve during Arbor Day 2017 in Autaugaville

 

Farm City Day 2017

Residents Learn Gardening Tips During 1st Lunch & Learn of 2018

An impressive number of local residents learned gardening tips during the first Lunch & Learn of 2018!  The Autauga County Master Gardeners Association offers free “Lunch & Learn” meetings on the first Thursday of each month.

               January 4, 2018 Lunch & Learn Meeting in Autauga County

On January 4, 2018, Amanda Borden discussed gardening tips that  are specificic to central Alabama gardeners. Amanda is an Advanced Master Gardener, and her presentation was well received by beginner and advanced gardeners.

This year, ACMGA membars and local residents are meeting in a new location to accommodate increased participation in the fun classes that are offered during a lunch hour, 12:00 – 1:00 PM. The ACMGA Lunch & Learn meetings are being held at Trinity United Methodist Church, 610 Fairview Avenue, Prattville, AL 36066. Expect to learn about a different topic on each first Thursday of each month! Click here to review the schedule for 2018: 2018 ACMGALL Full Page Flyer

 

Remember to bring your sack lunch; water or tea will be provided. This program is free and open to the public.

For more information, please contact the Autauga County Extension Office (334) 361-7273.

 

 

 

New Lunch and Learn Location for 2018!

To accommodate growing attendance numbers, the Autauga County Master Gardeners Association Lunch & Learn program is being moved to a new location!

Portrait of mid-adult woman proudly showing her plants

On the first Thursday of every month, the 2018 Lunch & Learn programs will be held at Trinity United Methodist Church, 610 Fairview Avenue, Prattville, AL 36066, 12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m. These free programs  are open to the public. Registration is not required.  Click here for a printable version of the 2018 Lunch & Learn Schedule2018 ACMGALL Full Page Flyer

Participants are encouraged to bring a sack lunch to enjoy as they learn about such topics as: shade loving plants, growing citrus trees in containers, drought tolerant plants for the South, and much more. The first meeting of 2018 will be held on January 4th, and the topic is “Gardening 101”.

Please view the attached schedule for meeting topics and speakers, or you may contact the Autauga County Extension Office at 334.361.7273 for more information.

Farm City 2017 Was a Huge Success!

Almost 800 Autauga County students and over 100 adult teachers,volunteers, and parents participated in the  2017 Farm City Day hosted by the Autauga County Extension Office. The event was held in the RH Kirkpatrick Agricultural Arena off Highway 14 West in Autaugaville.

Farm City Day 2017 kicked off with an hour long presentation by the Southeastern Raptor Center of Auburn University- including the finale, a presentation of “Spirit” who decided to talk to the group as he was walked around the arena.

Autauga County Extension Coordinator, Darrue Sharpe, praised the effort as a wonderful way to share research based information with youth, especially those considering careers in Agriculture.

Youth learned about: Honey Bee farming, dairy farming, show calves, horses, goats, hogs, preserving wildlife habitats and forests, cotton farming, use of tractors and farming equipment, and careers in agriculture.  Youth presenters with the Autauga Young Farmers and a 12 year old resident who raises hogs impressed 6th graders with the hard work and dedication they exemplified when talking about their passions: animals and farming.

 

   

 

Future Farmers of America students who volunteered for Farm City Day 2017.

The day-long event was made possible through the support of local farmers and volunteers and sponsors including the Autauga County Commission; the Autauga Forestry Commission, the Autauga Wildlife, Forestry and Stewardship Council,the Autauga County Board of Education, Autauga Cattleman’s Association, Coca-Cola Bottling Company of Montgomery, the Autauga County Master Gardeners Association, members of the Future Farmers of America from Billingsley School, the Future Farmers of America from the Prattville Technology Center, and the Alabama Cooperative Extension System.

 

Insects of the Fall Months

Contributed by:  Mallory Kelley, Regional Extension Agent

Fall Webworms and Asian Wooly Hackberry Aphids

Many calls and questions have come in about two insects in particular this month.  First, the webbing that many people see in trees this time of year indicate the presence of fall webworms.  These worms have been known to web in over 85 species of trees in the United States and in our area are most commonly seen in, but not limited to; oaks, pecans, cherry, willow, and river birch.

 Fall webworms become very visible in late summer and fall and create silken nests around leaves at the ends of branches.  All of the feeding from the webworms occurs within the silken nests and last approximately six weeks and if food runs out new foliage will be encased.                                  

Though the webs are very unsightly, damage to most trees is considered to be insignificant and especially if it is occurring close to fall when the trees will naturally be losing their leaves with the change of the season. One of your best measures of defense is sanitation.  As limbs, nuts and leaf debris drop from the tree, clean this up to reduce sites for the insects to overwinter on the ground and come right back next year. As always, less stress to the trees throughout the year will make them less susceptible to the attack of insects and disease issues.

The second insect that has caused a great concern this month has been the Asian Wooly Hackberry Aphid.  We as southerners are very familiar with the aphid, but this aphid has a little different appearance than what we are used to. Not seen in these great numbers every year, this insect has been described in central Alabama as hot dry “snow” but even if you have not seen them you might still be asking yourself,  “Why is this sticky stuff getting on my car?” and “What’s making my trees turn black?”

The Asian wooly hackberry aphid is one of the many relatively new pests that have been accidentally introduced to the state.  Adults are about 1/16 inch long and are covered with a white, cotton-like waxy material that makes them relatively easy to identify. Adults may be winged or wingless. During the past few weeks large numbers of winged adults have been seen in areas where there are a lot of hackberry trees.

Both adults and nymphs produce large amounts of honeydew, which accounts for the sticky accumulations on vehicles parked beneath hackberry trees. Heavy infestations of this pest can cause trees to defoliate prematurely. There is little risk of this pest attacking other plants.

While this insect can be controlled with sprays, few homeowners have the equipment needed to apply treatments to mature trees. Even when equipment is available, foliar sprays are often not an option because of the drift onto adjacent property. For now, the best approach is to live with the situation. They will go away in a few weeks.

 

The 2017 Central Alabama Caregivers Conference

November  is National Family Caregivers Month, and in observance of the dedication of countless family caregivers in Autauga County, The Alabama Cooperative Extension System is holding a special conference.

Diverse group of volunteers put hands together

The 2017 Central Alabama Family Caregivers Conference will be held on Thursday, November 9, 2017 at First Baptist Church, 138 S. Washington Street, Prattville, AL. The event will be held from 8:30 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. Registration is required. Please call the Autauga County Extension Office at 334.361.7273 to register. You may also mail in this printable registration form2017 Caregiver Registration Brochure  

The 2017 Central Alabama Family Caregivers Conference offers a chance for caregivers to meet with service providers in the area, and it provides a forum to learn  new information about various topics impacting caregivers and those under their care. Partnering agencies are joining with he Alabama Cooperative Extension System’s Urban Affairs, New & Nontraditional Programs, and the Autauga County Extension Office are holding this event, at no cost to participants.Exhibitors and sponsors of this event include: Oxford Health Care, Synergy Homecare , Alabama Family Trust,Davis & Associates Attorneys , and New Day Senior Care of Community Hospital, and Southern Care Hospice.

 

This event is free and open to the public, but attendees are encouraged to bring a canned good for donation to the Montgomery Area Food Bank.  Also, anyone with expired medical prescriptions or medicine that needs to be destroyed may bring them to the Caregivers Conference. Members of local law enforcement will destroy the unwanted and unused medications.

 

Crop News and Updates     

Contributed by: Christy Hicks, Regional Extension Agent, Agronomic Crops

Upcoming Events

December 12-13 – Auburn University Row Crop Short Course

Last Effective Bloom Date for Cotton

The last effective bloom date is the calendar date you normally expect a bloom to have time to fully mature into a boll.  The estimated date for Central AL is September 5th.  Cotton needs at least 4 weeks of bloom.  A cotton crop needs to be at first bloom no later than August 9th in our area.  As you know every growing season is different, however using the last effective bloom date can provide information on the risk and potential of a cotton crop.

Fusarium Wilt

Many fields in the area have Fusarium Wilt.  Affected plants are first darker green and stunted, followed by yellowing of the leaves and loss of foliage.  First, symptoms appear on lower leaves around the time of the first flower.  The leaf margins wilt, turn yellow, then brown, moving inward.  Infected plants fruit earlier than normal with smaller bolls that open prematurely.  A diagonal cut across the stem will reveal vascular discoloration.

(Picture below from on-farm variety trial)

Timing of Harvest Aid in Soybeans

When 65% of the pods are mature color, and 70% defoliation, they should be ready to desiccate.  You can also collect pods from the top third of the plant at random across the field.  Open the pods and look for separation of beans from the white membrane inside the pod.  If this is observed, the seeds have reached physiological maturity and have reached their maximum dry weight.  Yield will not be lost.

Target Spot in Soybeans

(info from Tom Allen, MSU)

Target Spot has been detected in some soybeans fields this year.  Target Spot is a soil-borne fungus, moved by wind and rain.  It can overwinter on crop residue.  Target Spot starts in the lower canopy, unlike Frog Eye that is primarily in the upper canopy.  Lesions on leaves are reddish brown, circular and variable in size up to ½” in diameter.  Spots may also be found on petioles, stems, and pods.  Larger lesions often show a distinct concentric zone of dead tissue and may have a narrow, indistinct yellow halo.  Severe infections may cause premature defoliation.

The environment is the main ingredient that determines the severity of Target Spot. The amount of rainfall and duration of rainfall events at specific growth stages has a lot to do with if the disease will cause a yield loss.  Defoliation during the mid  R5 growth stage would cause significant yield loss.

Christy Hicks
Regional Extension Agent
EV Smith Research Center
334-704-3370
agnewcd@auburn.edu