Upcoming Events

Credit Workshop

How Does a Lender Determine
Whether to Renew My Line of Credit?

It is just like school—you take the exam and your answers show your financial health.
1. Do you have a balance sheet and an income statement?
2. Do you have enough cash or liquid assets to pay off your short-term debt?
3. Do you have more assets than liabilities?
4. What is your rate of return on farm assets?
Lenders calculate financial ratios from the data on your
balance sheet and income statement to analyze your financial position.
5:30 Meal – Sponsors
6:00 Discussion of the balance sheet, cost or market values, etc., and the ratios calculated from balance sheet data
6:30 Discussion of the income statement, why accrual-adjusted, etc., and ratios calculated from income statement data
7:00 Break
7:15 A lender’s perspective on financial analysis, which ratios are more important
when evaluating a loan application, and other considerations
8:00 The importance of records and an introduction to Quickbooks online and FinPack

Location, Dates, and Registration
There is a registration fee of $10 per person. Pre-registration is strongly encouraged.
Programs with fewer than 10 individuals pre-registered will be canceled.
Date County Building

12/11/2017 Dallas Black Belt Research and Extension Ctr.
1/9/2018 Lauderdale Extension Office
1/10/2018 Limestone Tennessee Valley Research and Extension Ctr.
1/15/2018 Escambia Grace Fellowship Church
1/17/2018 Talladega Extension Office
1/18/2018 DeKalb Sand Mountain Research and Extension Ctr.
1/23/2018 Henry Wiregrass Research and Extension Ctr.
1/24/2018 Macon E. V. Smith Research Center
1/30/2018 Chilton Extension Office
2/1/2018 Baldwin Gulf Coast Research and Extension Ctr.
2/13/2018 Coffee 5 County Complex
2/26/2018 Marion Extension Office
2/27/2018 Tuscaloosa Courthouse Annex
The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University) is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Everyone is welcome! ANR-2447
For online registration and
additional information, visit

Precision Planter Clinic

Good afternoon.

I want to remind you of the Precision Planter Clinic that has been scheduled for November 30th from 8:00 am to 2:00 pm. The registration link is: http://bit.ly/2jMBNyp

Please, encourage the farmers and consultants in your are to attend.

Kind regards,

Brenda V. Ortiz, Ph.D.
Associate Professor & Precision Ag. Extension Specialist
Crop, Soil & Env. Sciences Dept.
224 Funches Hall
Auburn University 36849

What’s Next Chambers

Dear Chambers officials and neighbors,

The next “What’s Next, Chambers?” forum is Tuesday, November 21st, 2017 at SUSCC-Valley Campus (John Carmichael Building – enter across from the flagpole); start time is 10:00 Eastern. The forum will provide us an opportunity to improve life throughout Chambers County. A few highlights:

• Survey results indicated the following:
o Best days to meet: Tuesday and Wednesday (evenly split)
o Best Start times to meet (all Eastern): 9:00 10:00 11:00 & Noon (evenly split)
o How long to meet: 1 hour
o How often to meet: Every other month
• I will send an Agenda closer to the Forum.
o RSVP: Please let Robin Brown know if you will be attending (NLT November 14th, 2017) at rbrown@suscc.edu so she can have sufficient meeting space.
• Please bring your own snacks/beverage.
• Recorded Notes from the Forums are available at:
o Forum 1 (Where Are We Now?): https://mathewscenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/WNAL_Chambers-County_1st-Forum_Notes.pdf
o Forum 2 (Where Do We Want To Go?): https://mathewscenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/WNAL_Chambers_WDWWTG_Recorded-Notes.pdf
o Forum 3 (How Do We Get There?): https://mathewscenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/WNAL_Chambers_HDWGT_Recorded-Notes.pdf
• Please refer to the enclosed 4/10/17 e-mail for additional information.

We look forward to working together with you!



Ken McMillan
Chambers County Extension Coordinator
Alabama Cooperative Extension System

Alabama Forage Conference

I just wanted to send a reminder that the Animal Science and Forage Team will be hosting the Alabama Forage Conference this year on Nov. 28 and 29 in Headland and Eufaula, AL, respectively.

A pre-conference tour will be hosted at the Wiregrass Research and Extension Center on Nov. 28 beginning at 1:30 pm. The tour will highlight ongoing research and demonstration projects related to alfalfa in bermudagrass, limit-grazing cow-calf pairs on cool-season annual mixtures, a forage garden, estrus synchronization and artificial insemination practices for beef heifers, the sod-based rotation, and results of a mini-irrigation system demonstration trial.

A one-day educational conference will be held at Lakepoint State Park on Nov. 29. The focus of the meeting is to discuss management practices for improving on-farm forage production and persistence. Our goal is to highlight soil-plant practices that can improve the resiliency of Alabama grazing systems. Dr. Matt Poore from NC State University will be our keynote speaker. He is the coordinator the Amazing Grazing program and has lots of practical, real-world knowledge that will resonate well with producers.

The full conference registration is $65, or $50 for the one-day conference at Lakepoint State Park only. Full schedule and registration information can be found at www.bamabeef.org/forage.

A press release on the conference can be found at: http://news.aces.edu/blog/2017/08/02/18774/

Please share these resources with any clientele in your counties that would be interested in attending. The above press release can be shared via social media or through local newspapers.

If you have any questions regarding the conference, please contact Dr. Leanne Dillard (dillasa@auburn.edu) or myself regarding this opportunity.



Kim Mullenix, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor/Extension Specialist
Beef Cattle Systems
Department of Animal Sciences
303A Upchurch Hall
Auburn University, AL 36849
Office: 334-844-1546
Email: mullemk@auburn.edu
Alabama Extension Beef Cattle Resources:
Website: www.alabamabeefsystems.com
Facebook: facebook.com/alabamabeefsystems
Twitter: @ACESBeef
YouTube: AL Beef Systems Extension

What did the Drought do to my Calving Season?

Memories of the fall of 2016 and its impacts on pasture availability and cow nutritional status are still fresh on most every Alabama cattle producer’s mind.  As fall calving programs move past the breeding season and spring programs focus on this important time, many producers are likely scratching their heads as to what impacts the drought may have on their cowherd’s breeding season success. This is rightly so, as lowered grazing availability likely led to some loss of body condition in many herds, and stand loss may leave some producers without adequate summer forage emergence.

The drought’s effects on your herd’s breeding season can be closely tied to the nutrition you were able to provide your animals to maintain their body condition score (BCS) throughout the calving and breeding season. Cows that calved at BCS lower than five could have experienced poor performance in the breeding season for two reasons:

1. Cows that calve at a BCS lower than five take more time to return to cycling than their BCS 5+ herdmates. Expect thin animals at calving to take an added 20+ days to return to cycling past their appropriately conditioned herdmates.

2.Animals that have a BCS lower than five during the breeding season experience lower pregnancy rates per breeding. Animals of BCS 4 or lower may experience a conception rate 10-30% lower than their BCS 5+ pasture mates.

Follow these two links (link 1, link 2) to learn more about BCS and its impact on pregnancy outcomes in your herd.

These facts are helpful in managing cattle to have a successful breeding season, but if the season has passed and you are questioning exactly what impact the drought had on your operation’s reproductive success, keep this factor in mind:  

You can know the pregnancy status of your herd quickly and economically. It is extremely important to perform annual pregnancy examination in your herd to identify and cull open cows. However if you are resistant to pregnancy check your herd, keep in mind that this year may be the most important year to implement this management practice. If cows became thin during the breeding season and you move forward on “faith alone” until calving time, there is a very high chance that you will experience lower calving rates than you had hoped for or seen in previous years. Pregnancy check cows 60 days after the conclusion of the breeding season or at calf weaning time to gain a true perspective on your herd’s reproductive status. With no pregnancy exam, you may feed open cows for 6-7 months before realizing that there is a problem. Without this information, you cannot manage your herd for profit potential as you look into the near future. Click here to read more about pregnancy exam options and how such knowledge can impact your herd.

Once you know your herd’s pregnancy status, you can make management decisions to increase your profitability outlook. You will also have tools to help you cull appropriate animals if the drought returns.

1. You will know which cows are not doing their job. Regardless of your breeding season existence or length, cows that are not pregnant by the time of traditional  calf weaning are not performing up to par. These animals are keeping you from reaching your profit potential and are consuming resources away from their herdmates. They need to go – even if they may become pregnant after weaning. Keeping such animals will only lower your herd’s overall reproductive performance and slowly suck dollars from you bottom line.

2.You will know what to expect for the upcoming calving season. If the drought led to thin cows at calving and breeding, you may have a higher percentage of late calving animals. Knowing your expected calving distribution will help you divide your manpower at calving time and begin thinking of a plan for calf marketing and how to manage cows to calve earlier in subsequent years.

3. You can combine body condition scoring with pregnancy examination to help identify thin, pregnant cows that may need additional supplementation to improve their condition before calving. Remember, we want cows to calve at a BCS 5-6. Post weaning is the best time to improve condition on thin cows. Evaluate your pasture availability and consider your ability to get weight on thin cows. Keep in mind that cows should gain about 80 pounds to improve one BCS. It is critical to return thin cows to an acceptable BCS before calving to limit the negative impacts of last year’s drought on your herd. If you do not have adequate pasture for such gains, you will need to supplement feed. Thin, pregnant cows with low production records may be a logical culling option if pasture availability is low and you do not have the resources to supplement feed.

If you have a large number of open cows at pregnancy check, you may be faced with hard decisions. There are several options to successfully move past this disheartening news:

1. Evaluate your cowherd. Discover possible reasons for the very low pregnancy rates. What is the herd average BCS? Were many cows of all ages open, or just your 2-3 year olds? What is the bull’s BCS and age? What was your bull:cow ratio? Did the bulls pass a breeding soundness exam before the breeding season?

2.Thin cows can be expected to gain weight at calf weaning if adequate grazing or supplement is available. If calves are still nursing and you are early in the breeding season, consider early weaning to allow cows to gain weight and hopefully avoid the low pregnancy rates we are currently discussing. Follow these two links to learn more about early weaning options (link 1, link 2)

3. If your breeding season is well over, consider the advantages and disadvantages of converting to a spring and fall calving season. In some herds, this management scheme works extremely well. Thin, open cows at this year’s pregnancy check can be moved to the opposite breeding season to reduce culling rates and still maintain a defined calving season. It is important to maintain a strict culling of animals in subsequent years to avoid creating a “reproductively lazy” herd. Using this second breeding season to strategically produce bred cows for sale versus open cull cows is also a viable option.

4.Retain your high standards. If your pasture availability is very low and you need lower stocking rates for your fields to recover, these open cows may be just your ticket. Culling of higher than normal numbers of open cows will lead to an increase in immediate monetary intake while decreasing your stocking rates for the near future as your pasture recovers. Rebuild your herd as your forages recover.

If the drought wreaked havoc on your breeding season, remember that it may take a few years to return to an ideal breeding season length. However, through proper management strategies of correct nutrition, strict culling, and replacing open or late calving animals with early calving heifers or purchased cows you can recover your herd from possible impacts of the 2016 drought.

If you have questions about determining and improving your herd’s reproductive performance, contact myself or other members of the ACES Animal Science and Forages Team.

Sarah Dickinson, M.S.

Regional Extension Agent I – Animal Science & Forages

Alabama Cooperative Extension System

Ph.D. Student – Reproductive Physiology / Molecular Genomics

Cell: 256-537-0024

Office: 256-825-1050


Serving Chambers, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Lee, Randolph, Shelby, Talladega, and Tallapoosa Counties

Pasture Management in the Winter-Spring Transition

The time surrounding spring green-up offers livestock producers an excellent opportunity to manage their pastures for success through the spring and summer months.

To maximize forage production through the summer, producers should take this time to establish and begin implementing a plan to:

1)     Evaluate Pastures for Drought Related Damage

2)     Begin Pasture Renovation if Needed

3)     Control Pasture Weeds

4)     Establish Proper Soil Fertility

5)     Set Up Grazing Systems to Reach Success

Let’s talk first about drought related matters…Did you know that sections of Alabama still remain in extreme drought? Furthermore, the northern counties of East Central Alabama are still in a severe drought as of 02/27/2017. To look up the drought status of your county, click here to go to the Alabama Drought Monitor.

Pasture Evaluation and Renovation:

As we enter the spring green up in drought recovery years, pasture assessment can help producers evaluate the impact of the drought on their summer perennial pastures. NRCS has an excellent system for examining pastures, and their Guide to Pasture Condition Scoring can be viewed here. In brief, once summer perennials emerge, you will want to determine what species are present (is this the type of forage you desire, or have weeds taken over?) and how well the forages cover your pasture (what percentage of the ground is covered by plants and what percentage is left bare?), plus other important factors.

If pastures grade poorly, with low amounts of desired summer grasses emerging after green up, you may need to consider pasture renovation. Here is a quick guideline to use when determining the amount of renovation you may need:

  1. If you get a 70% or greater stand of your summer perennial pasture grasses, your pasture is well on its way to recovering without much help. It should recover quickly with proper grazing strategies, weed control, and desired soil fertility. You will want to take care of this pasture as it emerges. Do not allow animals to graze too early, but you should expect good recovery under correct management.
  2. If a 40-70% stand emerges, pastures should still fully recover with weed control, proper fertility, grazing management, and perhaps a bit more patience. Though forage emergence is lower in stands of 40-70%, there are still adequate tillers underground. Between tillers and seed production, pastures should recover by fall. If these pastures are still thin in the fall, overseeding for winter annuals and/or legumes may prove helpful to keep soil covered and provide grazing through winter.
  3. In pastures with a stand <40%, much patience and effort will be needed for pasture recovery. Proper soil fertility and weed control are still important, but you may also need to re-establish desired forages in such pastures or consider utilizing a summer annual in some scenarios. You may also want to utilize winter annuals and legumes until the pasture has recovered. Click here to see the suggested planting dates for Alabama forages, and be wise if you decide to work towards re-establishing lost stands. Remember that newly planted grass will need adequate moisture and proper care to survive. It may not be a good idea to plant new perennial stands immediately if we remain in drought conditions.

Weed Control:

Weed control is a necessary part of pasture recovery. Weeds will compete with desired forage species for soil nutrients and sunlight. If pastures became bare during the drought, weeds were given an ideal scenario for growth. After this, weeds can smother out our already weakened stands of summer grasses as they attempt to emerge post-winter. There are two types of weed control you can do now:

  1. Winter Weed Control: Winter broadleaf weeds may not seem like much of an issue right now. But as we continue into spring, their presence and growth will overshadow desired summer forages as they attempt to emerge. Furthermore, such weeds are stealing valuable nutrients from the soil. Winter broadleaf weeds can be controlled now in most pastures with the usage of products like Sharpen, 2,4-D, Grazon, and Weedmaster. Make sure to read labels for guidelines, and only use herbicides on pastures when and where such products are labeled for use. If you have questions, contact a member of the Animal Science and Forages team and look up weed control options here.
  2. Summer Weed Control: You can treat summer perennial pastures before emergence with pre-emergent herbicide (Prowl H20). Before spraying pre-emergent, it is important to evaluate pasture emergence. Spraying after summer forages have begun to emerge may set desirable plants back. If you use Prowl H20, it is valuable to know that a supplemental label has been released that will allow you to use Prowl on certain pastures post-emergence, in the growing season, after cutting. See supplemental label here.

Soil Fertility:

Proper soil fertility and pH are necessary for optimum production in all years. However, proper soil conditions following drought are essential for pasture recovery. Take a soil test in all pastures today and correct soil deficiencies to allow pastures the opportunity to succeed. Click here for a more in depth discussion of soil testing.

Proper Grazing Strategies:

As summer forages emerge, it is important to correctly manage and graze recovering pastures. Remind yourself that the green leaves of grass are essential for the plant’s overall health and sustainability. Grass leaves catch sunlight that the plant uses to make energy (plant food). If we graze pastures too low, we greatly reduce the amount of leaf available to catch sunlight. This reduces the ability of the plant to make energy, and leads to slower pasture growth and recovery. Now is the time to set up a grazing system to allow you to rotate animals through pastures. Rotational grazing will allow your animals to better utilize the forage available in each pasture, and will increase forage growth since you keep animals from eating specific areas down too low. Healthier pastures will produce more forage, more quickly-allowing your animals better nutrition.

Now is the time to create and begin implementing a plan to allow your pastures to fully recover from drought! Be proactive by taking the steps above to ensure your success.

Sarah Dickinson, M.S.

Alabama Cooperative Extension System

Regional Extension Agent I – Animal Science & Forages

Ph.D. Student – Reproductive Physiology/Molecular Biology

Cell: 256-537-0024

Office: 256-825-1050


Serving Chambers, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Lee, Randolph, Shelby, Talladega, and Tallapoosa Counties

Measures of Herd Performance: Weaning Weight

Cow calf producers know that an increase calf weaning weight usually leads to an increase in calf value at weaning. Let’s discuss some different ways to look at weaning weights that may give us more insight to increase potential herd profitability than simply measuring weight weaned alone.

First, we will look at the “easy” measure of weaning performance…

Pounds Weaned: At the end of the day, cow calf producers sell pounds. A good measure of a cow’s performance lies within the actual and adjusted weaning weights of her calves. Actual weight is quite simple; this is the weight of an individual cow’s calf on the day it was weaned. This value is important to us, as it tells us what weight a cow actually generated to be sold. However, to look deeper into a cow’s potential for weaning heavy calves, we should look at the adjusted weaning weights of her calves. This takes cow age as well as calf age, birthweight, and sex into account, and better allows us to determine a cow’s performance potential. Let’s look at an example:

Once we know our weaning weights, we can take steps to improve these numbers through better genetics and management.  It’s important to realize that that both weaning weight measurements are important. Cows with high adjusted weaning weights have the most potential to wean heavy calves in your herd. On the other hand, the cow that calves early each year and weans the heaviest actual weight at weaning may not have the highest adjusted weaning weight. Her value equally important and is best highlighted through her ability to breed early. To move your operation to the next level you’ll want to seek out individuals excelling for both measurements as they’re likely the combination cows that bring home the most profit for you.

Knowing our herd weaning weights and adjusted weaning weights can be a very beneficial first step to increasing profitability. However, we can learn more about our herd’s productivity if we look past weights alone.

Therefore, it’s important to step back and look at a few additional measures of weaning performance…

Pounds weaned per cow exposed: It’s important to know not only our weaning weights, but also the percentage of our cows that actually wean a calf.  Cows that don’t wean a calf are feed-consuming members of our herd for at least part of the year, so we must account for them when evaluating herd performance. To learn the pounds of calf weaned per cow exposed, we look at both our calf weaning weight data and our herd’s ability to become pregnant and raise a calf to weaning. A good goal for beef herds is to wean 90+% of the potential calf crop. This means that if we had 100 cows, 90 of these cows would become pregnant, birth a live calf, and successfully care for it until weaning. As the percentage calf crop goes down, so does your farm’s pounds weaned per cow exposed and profit potential. Let’s look at another example:

We should also consider our cow weights…

Pounds weaned per pound of cow exposed: Your mature cow weights may be eating into your profitability. A mature cow will generally consume an additional 500-550 pounds of dry matter for every 100 pounds of added bodyweight. As the size of the average US cow increases, we need to account for this additional intake and make sure our bigger females are pulling their weight.  An 1100 pound cow that weaned a 500 pound calf has weaned 46% of her bodyweight, where a 1400 pound cow that weaned a 600 pound calf only weaned 43% of her bodyweight. Look beyond the raw weaning weight and ask yourself which cow is doing a better job. Reproductive performance in larger cows may also decline if their higher nutritional needs are not met; this could reduce your percentage calf crop weaned. Let’s look at a final example:

These are just a few ways to re-consider how you evaluate your herd’s weaning weights to add black ink to your profit equation.

Much of the above information is referenced from the following link. Click here to read more about assessing the efficiency of your beef cows.

If you have questions about calculating your herd’s weaning data or other ways to enhance your program’s profitability, contact myself or other members of the ACES Animal Science and Forages Team.

Sarah Dickinson, M.S.

Regional Extension Agent I

Animal Science & Forages

Alabama Cooperative Extension System

Cell: 256-537-0024

Office: 256-825-1050


Serving Chambers, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Lee, Randolph, Shelby, Talladega, and Tallapoosa Counties

Alabama Agricultural Market Workshops

Alabama Agricultural Market Workshops



Alabama Extension, Auburn University College of Agriculture, and Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station is hosting a series of workshops this month throughout Alabama concerning major agriculture commodities price outlooks.  The nearest meeting will occur Thursday, January 19th, 2017 in Shorter.  Location: E.V. Smith Research Center (4725 County Road 40, Shorter, AL 36075). This is at I-85 Exit 26 (Tallassee exit). Office phone: (334) 727-7403. Website: http://aaes.auburn.edu/evsmith/about/  . Start time: 8:00 A.M. Central (Light breakfast is included). End time: 10:30 A.M. For more information and/or RSVP: e-mail farmoutlook@aces.edu . This is a great opportunity for producers and agribusinesses to learn more about the new Farm and Agribusiness Extension Team and be updated on the current situation in Alabama agriculture and expectations for 2017.

If you cannot attend this session, see if another date/location works for you (January 10th in Belle Mina – Tennessee Valley Research Center; January 11th in Crossville – Sand Mountain Research Center; January 20th in Shelby County – Shelby County Extension Office; January 24th in Marion Junction – Black Belt Research Center; January 25th in Fairhope – Gulf Coast Research Center; January 30th in Headland – Wiregrass Research Center.

There is no cost to attend this meeting. However, please RSVP to the farmoutlook@aces.edu so we have an accurate amount of food and meeting room.



Timber Tax Workshops


Alabama Extension is offering a series of workshops this month throughout Alabama on income tax issues related to owning timberland and the production of forest products. The workshop is ideal for landowners, foresters, loggers, accountants and attorneys.  The nearest meeting will occur Monday, January 23rd, 2017 in Opelika.  Location: Lee County Extension Office (600 S. 7th Street, Opelika, AL). You can register by phone, online, or mail. Call (334) 844-5100 to register by phone. Go to www.aces.edu/timbertax for online registration. To register by mail, send a check to 301 O.D. Smith Hall, Auburn University, AL 36849-5608; make the check payable to Auburn University and specify the location and workshop.

Topics will include: Tax aspects of acquiring land; allocating basis; setting up timber accounts; using separately identifiable properties; calculating depletion allowance; reporting income from harvesting timber; reporting the cost of planting and site preparation, fertilization, timber stand improvement; and other cultural treatments, roads, and surveys; and disposing or exchanging of property.

If you cannot attend this nearby session, see if another date/location works for you (January 17th in Tuscaloosa – Tuscaloosa County Extension Office; January 18th in Montgomery – Montgomery County Extension Office; January 26th in Monroe County – Monroe County Extension Office; and January 31st in Fairhope – Gulf Coast Research Center.

Chambers County Youth Will Attend 4-H Summer Camp June 7 – 9

Chambers County 4-H youth ages 9-13 have the opportunity to attend 4-H Summer Camp at the Alabama 4-H Center on June 7-9. The cost of $106 includes lodging, all activities, meals each day, 3 snacks, a summer camp t-shirt, and transportation to and from camp! Youth will be chaperoned by 4-H trained and screened staff and volunteers. To register, contact 4-H Agent Rachel Snoddy via email (leerach@aces.edu), calling our office (334-864-9373) or stopping by the Chambers County Extension Office at 18 Alabama Ave E, Room 201, Lafayette AL. Our office hours are 8:00 AM until 4:30 PM Central time. Registration and a non-refundable $25 deposit is due by February 24th.