Cherokee County is located in the northeastern part of the state, bordered on the east by Georgia. Cherokee County was created by the Alabama State Legislature Jan. 9, 1836. In an area Indians called “costa,” the town of Cedar Bluff was established. Cedar Bluff, established in 1936 as Jefferson, was the original county seat. Since there was another town in Alabama called Jefferson, the name was changed to Cedar Bluff in 1842. Centre was established as the county seat of Cherokee County in 1884 after two referendums were held to change the location to a more central area. The name was chosen and carries the Old English spelling because of this central location. In 1886, Gaylesville was established and is the oldest incorporated town in the county.
The Cherokee County population of 24,525, is 5.5 percent black, 92.8 percent white and .9 percent hispanic. There are eight educational outlets in the county. 63.5 percent of adult residents are high school graduates and 9.7 percent are college graduates. Gadsden State Community College recently opened the doors of the 32,000 square foot academic building on the new campus in Centre. Classes began in August 2008 with 250 students registered.
Agricultural crops in the county include cotton, corn, soybeans and commercial greenhouse production. There are several cattle operations in Cherokee County and there has been an increase in poultry production in the last couple of years. Textiles and auto makers are the major industries in the county with Leesburg Yarn Mill and KTH Industries both located in Leesburg.
Tourist attractions include Weiss Lake and Little River Canyon National Preserve Park. Cherokee Rock Village has also become very popular and well known to hiking and climbing enthusiasts throughout the southeast. There is also a new regional airport that will be completed very soon.
The Cherokee County Extension office has seven employees which include the County Coordinator, a Regional Agent with responsibilities in agronomy, a Regional Agent with responsibilities in Animal Science & Forages, NEP Agent Assistant, one Administrative Assistant, one part-time 4-H Agent Assistant and one part-time secretary. Additionally, Cherokee County is served by twelve other Regional Agents with expertise in several different program areas.