Greene County is a small rural county in west Alabama named for Revolutionary War hero Nathaniel Greene. A 1838 vote determined that a new county seat would be established in Greene County. The town was named Eutaw after Nathaniel Greene’s greatest victory at the battle of Eutaw Springs, South Carolina. The pre-1820s village of Mesopotamia, one mile to the west of Eutaw, was incorporated along with the surrounding planters’ colony and Warrior River landings at the height of the “Golden Era,” 1840-1860. Eutaw was known across the nation as a cultural and elegant community.
The county’s population of 9,900 is about 80 percent black and 20 percent white. About 54 percent of the adult population has at least a high school education. There are six schools in the county.
Major agricultural crops are catfish, timber and beef cattle. Other crops include cotton, soybeans, shrimp, corn and other vegetables. Some of the major industries include the Greene County Steam Plant, Greene County Timber Company, Beeker Timber Company, Winchester Carton, Greene Track, Greene County Hospital and Maude Whatley Health Services.
County residents boast of lovely old homes and enjoy sharing them with visitors. Eutaw has 24 structures listed on the National Register of Historic Places and many more eligible for nomination. Some of the major tourist attractions include the First Presbyterian Church, Asa White-Colson House, Vaughn-Morrow House, Kirkwood, Shadowland and Old Courthouse Square.
The Greene County Extension Office has six full-time employees and two part-time employees. Some of the many Extension programs in the county include EFNEP, NEP, 4-H, Community Development Programs, Home Horticulture and Agriculture