Upcoming Events

Master Gardener Training to be offered in Lawrence County

Do you like to grow things? Do you love to harvest food or flowers? If you answer YES to either question, the 14-week Master Gardener training program might be for you. If you want to give back to the community this program is for you too – there is a community service aspect to the program too!

Class is being offered Thursdays 8:30 am to 12:30 pm August 9 to November 8th at the Lawrence Co. Agricultural Center Conference Room at 13075 Alabama Hwy 157, Moulton, AL 35650. Refreshments will be served.

Space is limited in the class to the first 15 registrants so sign up early. If we don’t have 15 registrants we can’t offer the class – so recruit your friends!

There is a $150 fee but you will receive much in return – from a Master Gardener Manual, handouts from the various speakers and opportunities to do hands-on activities in a garden situation.

For more information about the Master Gardener program check out the brochure below or give Taylor a call.

Master Gardener Info Brochure

Master Gardener_Lawrence_2018 Lawrence Co Specific Flyer

Photo of Taylor Reed, Regional Extension Agent, Home Grounds, Gardens, and Home Pests
Taylor Reed, Regional Extension Agent, Home Grounds, Gardens, and Home Pests

Taylor Reeder
Regional Extension Agent
Home Grounds, Gardens, & Home Pests
Lauderdale County Extension Office
802 Veterans Drive
Florence, AL 35630
Office: 256-766-6223
Cell: 256-284-3024



Pasture to Rail Program Continues in Alabama



Pasture to Rail, a beef improvement program, continues in Alabama with a June shipment to a feedlot in Kansas.

The Pasture to Rail program allows consigners to receive animal performance and carcass data for each calf consigned.

The Pasture to Rail program is a retained ownership program that allows Alabama beef producers the opportunity to send calves to a feedlot to be fed until finished. After slaughter the carcass will be graded and the consignor will be provided carcass data. Consignors will receive payment once the calves have been harvested. Carcasses that grade well may receive a premium.

Carcass data is an important selection tool that will allow for the genetic improvement of a beef cattle herd.

The process to have your calves be in a Pasture to Rail shipment:

  1. Contact an ACES Livestock and Forages Regional Extension Agent
  2. Be ready to consign up to 3 steers or heifers for a $75/head consignment

Because of the 21 day sign up ACES can not accept more calves for the June shipment. But if a beef producer is interested in consigning calves to future shipments contact Alex Tigue (Regional Extension Agent in Livestock & Forages). To contact Alex call 256-309-9496 or email him at dat0002@aces.edu

Link to Pasture to Rail Rules

Pasture Pro Equine Field Day June 2nd, Madison AL

June 2nd from 9 AM to 4 PM there will be a Pasture Pro Equine Field Day in Madison, AL

Gerald Thompson, Regional Extension Agent for Animal Sciences and Forages, is coordinating a full day of hands-on activities at the Tennessee Valley Research Extension Center in Belle Mina. Activities to include activities related to the horses, and the forage they consume (see handout).

Registration is limited to first 50 registrants. You must pre-register and the fee is $40.00.

Contact Gerald to see if the class is full.

Contact Gerald Thompson for more info:

photo of Gerald Thompson
Gerald Thompson

Office:(256) 353-8702, Mobile:(256) 508-2020, Email: thompgl@aces.edu

Equine Field Day June 2  – Link to PDF of handout and registration form

Scout School at Belle Mina June 12 – Cotton & Soybeans

Agenda: Scouting School:  Cotton & Soybeans, June 12, 2018, Starting 8:30 am

Location: Tenn. Valley Research & Extension Center, Belle Mina, AL

Many important points, including the following, will be covered:

  • Thoughts and tips on scouting 2-gene cotton for escaped bollworms .
  • When might we expect the peaks of bollworm numbers?
  • The spread and impact of the brown marmorated stink bug in Alabama .
  • Could the “Old World Bollworm” become a pest in Alabama?
  • How can growers, scouts, and fieldmen keep up with changing insect conditions as we move through the 2018 season?
photo Mark Hall, Extension Specialist
Mark Hall, Extension Specialist

Point of Contact: Mark Hall, Extension Specialist, hallmah@auburn.edu  256-353-8702

Lawrence County Youth Participate in Regional Pig Squeal Show & Auction

Nine 4-H’ers from Lawrence County participated in the Northwest Alabama4-H Pig Squeal
Show and Auction, April 21, 2018 at the North Alabama State Fairgrounds.


Participating 4-Hers included:

Hunter Drane
Caden Norwood
Wyatt Pace
Cora Crosslin
Jillian Fretwell
Kolby Starks
Mary Kate Turner
Ruby Shelton
Audrey Dutton

All the participants had raised up two pigs since February and were ready to show one of the pigs at the Fairgrounds and then have it auctioned off to the highest bidder.

4Her’s arrived early to prepare their pig for the show. The showmanship judge was very patient with the youth and asked them questions about their pig – questions from the pigs weight, to the weight gain per day. Because record-keeping is part of the project the 4Her had a ready answer.

The following are just a few of the Lawrence County participants in the show ring. For many this was not the first time in the show ring – while for others it was a new experience.

At the end of the day the 4Hers had auctioned off their pig and the pig was en-route to a processing facility or heading back to the barn. Many will go on to show more pigs, while for others it was an experience,  and they are on to another 4H project.



Livestock Judging Clinic June 2nd – Horton, AL

Youth Livestock Judging Clinic to be held on Saturday, June 2nd at the Debter Hereford Farm.  The Registration deadline in Friday, May 25th.

This should be a good “tune-up” for those participating in the State FFA Livestock Evaluation CDE and the State 4-H Livestock Judging Contest.

If you need any more information, Please contact Jason P’Pool

photo of Jason P'Pool
Jason P’Pool



Instructor/Extension Specialist-Youth Animal Science
Department of Animal Science
112 Upchurch Hall
Auburn University, AL 36849
Cell:  334-703-1047 Office:  334-844-1540
E-mail:  jrp0039@auburn.edu



2018 youth livestock judging clinic forms in PDF


Gramoxone-based treatment evaluation in dryland peanut – Steve Li

Gramoxone (paraquat) is a commonly used herbicide in peanut for weed control. It can be tank mixed with Storm, Basagran, Ultra Blazer, 2,4-DB and other residual herbicides to apply over the top of small peanuts. Tank mixing herbicides with Gramoxone increase weed control spectrum and efficacy, however, peanut injury has always been a concern for some growers who plan to use Gramoxone. Currently, we do not have enough information regarding the tolerance of newer peanut varieties to Gramoxone-based tank mixes in dryland. Therefore, research trials were conducted in 2016 and 2017 at Shorter, Fairhope and Headland, AL, to evaluate the tolerance of four common peanut variety to Gramoxone-based treatments.

At each location, GA-06G, GA-14N, GA-12Y and TUF-511were planted in May to early June and sprayed with different treatments at 21-28 days after planting with backpack sprayers. Non-ionic surfactant at 0.25% v/v was used with all these treatments. Experimental design was RCBD with 4 replications. All trials were maintained weed free during the season. Peanut height, width and final yield were measured at each location. Data was analyzed in SAS 9.4.

Results of this study show that peanut width was more sensitive than peanut height. No peanut variety showed greater sensitivity to Gramoxone-based treatments than the other varieties. Gramoxone + 24DB + Dual Magnum or Warrant produced most of the visual injury as compared to other treatments. Adding Storm or Basagran with Gramoxone reduced peanut injury by 10-15%. However, final yield was not affect by any of these Gramoxone-based treatments except for Gramoxone 24 oz/A at Fairhope and Headland in 2016 (this rate is over the label rate and included for research purpose only). The use rates of each herbicide for the 2017 trial was the highest label rate and I would not recommend growers using these much of products. These highest label rates were used only to test crop tolerance. At the end of season, all four varieties showed similar tolerance to these treatments and no yield loss was found after statistical analysis at p=0.05 level. This means all the Gramoxone-based treatments produced statistically equivalent amount of yield compared to non-treated check.

Peanut varieties evaluated showed very good tolerance to Gramoxone tank mixes. Temporary leaf burn should be expected but peanut will soon recover from injury under normal growing conditions. Considering the dry weather we have been having this spring, Gramoxone based treatments are good options if residual herbicides applied behind the planter were not properly activated due to lack of rain in dryland fields. Dual Magnum, Zidua, Warrant or Outlook should be tank mixed with Gramoxone to provide extended residual weed control and this is important to ensure a successful season long weed control.

Questions? Please contact:

Dr. Steve Li,
Extension Weed Scientist, Assistant Professor
Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences
Auburn University
334-707-7370; steveli@auburn.edu

Farm families are learning to manage stress differently

Many farm families are stressed — emotionally strained or tense due to the demanding circumstances of getting a crop out in the field. Farming is stressful because because they are dependent on the weather. Wet fields keep farmers out of the field, and if they want to harvest a full-season crop (maximum yield = maximum $ return) –  they need to have it planted withing a specific time frame. Due to the cool, wet spring North Alabama farmers are putting long hours in – getting equipment ready before daylight and often planting after dark with tractor lights.

Managing stress is hard for everyone – farmers especially need to effective ways to manage their stress. The following is a 5 Step Approach to Managing Stress

5 Step Approach to Managing Stress

(Adapted from SDSU http://igrow.org/up/resources/04-1004-2017.pdf )

1. Assess Needs and Impacts

This helps to give you perspective — things that are in your control versus things that are out of your control.

In your control – making sure gasoline is in the tractor

Out of your control  – the drying rate of your bottom-land field

Assess Needs & Impacts

2. Identify and Access Resources

Do you have a spouse, children, employees, or extended family that can help out?

3. Pursue Good-Quality Decisions

Think about your decisions when you are stressed. Don’t communicate in anger.

4. Connect with Sources of Support

Talk to your spouse. Go out into nature – take a few minutes to focus outside of the things that cause you stress. Are there individuals you know that seem to manage their stress? – find out how they do it.

Connect with Sources of Support

5. Use Effective Coping Strategies

Are you relieving your stress in healthy ways – by eating healthy and exercising ? Not by overeating, alcohol or prescription drug abuse.

Eat Healthy

Do you laugh enough? Try to find humor

Go out into nature

Are you getting enough sleep? A person needs 7 to 8 hours of sleep a night. Take a power nap during the day if possible.

Link to eXtension article on Farming and Stress http://articles.extension.org/pages/70313/production-agriculture-and-stress

Herbicide applications in dryland cotton and peanut under hot and dry conditions – Steve Li

In recent a few weeks, most of the south Alabama was warm and dry, mostly dry. We have not had any rainfall for over two weeks in a row and this is taking a toll on row crops. Many people cannot plant their dryland fields and the crops planted are suffering drought stress. I have received several calls and texts regarding the concerns of soil herbicides sprayed behind the planter may not get activated. So, I am writing this timely information sheet to further discuss this issue.

1. No chance of rain in forecast for the next 10-14 days. Should I still spray soil herbicides behind planter after I plant my dryland field?

I am a big advocate of using soil herbicides for weed control. However, in this case, I would suggest only spraying Gramoxone or Liberty behind the planter to smoke the weeds and start clean. We all know a fact for soil herbicides: it does not matter if it does not rain. They will not do you much good if there is no rain to activate them.

2. If I did not spray soil herbicides behind the planter, what do I need to do next?

My first thought is I hope you sprayed a good residual herbicide treatment in your preplant burndown application, so you may still have some herbicide residues in soil. If you did not spray any soil herbicide behind the planter, I would do postemergence treatment very timely when you know you will have a high chance of rainfall. Weeds will not germinate or grow much in a very dry situation, so spraying a residual herbicide such as Warrant, Dual Magnum, or Outlook with Roundup, Liberty, Enlist Duo or One, or Roundup + Dicamba within 3 days before you get a rainfall is very important. In peanut, you can spray either Warrant, Dual Magnum, Outlook or Zidua with a postemergence herbicide such as Cadre, Blazer or Cobra. Weeds always make a flush after the rain if it has been dry for a while. Therefore, I suggest growers spray residual and foliar herbicide before the rain and hammer them hard with a follow up treatment 14-21 days later if escaped weeds start to grow fast after the rain.

3. What do I need to do when I burn off emerged weeds behind planter and it is dry?

It is likely that these weeds are in a drought stress too, so they may not respond to herbicides super well. They also can grow thick leaf cuticle and wax layer so herbicide absorption will be lower than normal. I would suggest growers using crop oil concentrate or methylated seed oil instead of non-ionic surfactant (NIS) because oil-based surfactant may dissolve cuticle wax better and allow more herbicide to get into weed foliage. Adding liquid  ammonium sulfate may increase control of certain weeds. If you happen to get a shower,  although it may be a very small one, it can still help you burndown weeds better after a little bit of moisture, and I would take advantage of that before it gets very dry again.

4. How much rain do I need to activate my soil herbicides?

Not a lot, 0.5 inch of rain can usually do it. For some soil herbicides, they can be activated with as little as 0.25 inch of rainfall. In a previous study, 0.5 inch of simulated rainfall was able to activate Brake, Reflex, Diuron, Cotoran and Warrant for pigweed control. However, with only 0.25 inch of rainfall, Brake + Reflex was the only treatment that provided over 90% pigweed control. Brake + Warrant provided 73% of control which is better than Brake (43%), Brake + Cotoran (32%) and Brake + Diuron (40%). See pictures below (pictures credit to SePro).

5. Which soil herbicide last longer on soil surface when there is no rain?

I probably have been asked this question a hundred times so far, so I decided to run a large  study to evaluate persistence of common cotton and peanut residual herbicides on soil surface  before they can see a rainfall. More results will be available later in the fall.

Questions? Please contact:
Dr. Steve Li,
Extension Weed Scientist, Assistant Professor
Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences
Auburn University
334-707-7370; steveli@auburn.edu

Lawrence County 2018 Youth Summer Fun Shops

Classes are open to youth ages 8-18.

Pre-registration is required: please call 256-974-2464 (Class sizes limited to 15 participants)


June 5th Know and Show Sombrero

June 12th Home Sweet Home

June 19th Plant Parts We Eat

June 26th Nutrients to Grow


June 7th Horsin’ Around

June 21st Robotics

June 28th Pet Day: Show and Tell

July 12 IDance & Smoothies

July 19th Healthy Snacks & Exercise

July 26 Picnic-N-Grillin

Detailed information about each session and cost                                                                  


Date: Tuesday, June 5th                                              Time: 10:00-12:00 Noon

Place: Lawrence Co. Ag Center/Extension Office         Cost: FREE

            13075 AL Hwy 157, Suite 6, Moulton, AL 35650

Find out what plants need and how they support people and animals. Make and take

a sombrero made from newspaper. Participants will also prepare a snack: “Cinnamon Carrot Crunch”

Instructor: Donna Shanklin, County Extension Coordinator           


Date: Thursday, June 7th                                             Time: 9:00-11:00 AM

Place: Iron Rail Arena                                                 Cost: FREE

           2701 County Rd 245, Moulton, AL 35650

Wade Hill with Red Oak Farm will talk about valuable horse information,

such as breeds, color, nutrition and care. Horse on site to pet, but not to ride.

Instructors: Wade Hill–Red Oak Farm & Marsha Terry—Extension Staff


Date: Tuesday, June 12th                                             Time: 10:00-12:00 Noon

Place: Lawrence Co. Ag Center/Extension Office         Cost: FREE

 Learn how to observe, evaluate, and describe a good garden location.

Participants will also prepare “Cheesy Broccoli & Ranch Smashed Potatoes”

Instructors: Extension Staff–Donna Shanklin, Marsha Terry, & Jennifer Palmer


Date: Tuesday, June 19th                                             Time: 10:00-12:00 Noon

Place: Lawrence Co. Ag Center/Extension Office         Cost: FREE

Learn to identify all the edible plant parts we eat!  Participants will prepare “Spinach Quesadillas”

Instructors: Extension Staff– Donna Shanklin & Marsha Terry


Date: Thursday, June 21st                                            Time: 10:00AM–2:00PM

Place: Moulton Lions Club Fairgrounds                       Cost: $3.00

Learn to build NXT robots.

Lunch will be provided due to the length of this Fun Shop.

Instructor: Extension Staff–Kenneth Gamble


Date: Tuesday, June 26th                                             Time: 10:00-12:00 Noon

Place: Lawrence Co. Ag Center/Extension Office         Cost: FREE

Learn the different plant-based nutrients in the food we eat

Participants will prepare and try “Easy Cauliflower & Broccoli”

Instructors: Extension Staff– Donna Shanklin, Marsha Terry, & Jennifer Palmer 


Date: Thursday, June 28th                                           Time: 9:00-11:00 AM

Place: Moulton Lions Club Fairgrounds                       Cost: FREE

Katie Roberts with Moulton Veterinary Clinic will talk about pet care/needs.

You may bring your pet for show & tell (not required). Pets must have proof

of rabies vaccination and be on a leash or caged.

Instructors: Katie Roberts, Moulton Vet. Clinic; Extension Staff–Donna Shanklin & Marsha Terry     

Date: Thursday, July 12th                                             Time: 10:00-12:00 Noon

Place: Lawrence Co. Ag Center/Extension Office         Cost:  FREE

 Let’s get moving!  Youth will engage in an interactive gaming system geared to increase their awareness of physical activity by keeping them moving.  This is a fun dance off where your steps are electronically measured to each song you dance to. Participants will also make and enjoy a refreshing smoothie!

Instructors: Extension Staff–Jennifer Palmer & A Renee’ Heard 


Date: Thursday, July 19th                                            Time: 10:00-12:00 Noon

Place: Lawrence Co. Ag Center/Extension Office         Cost: FREE

Participants will have fun exercising using aerobics and also make a yummy parfait 

Instructors: Extension Staff–Jennifer Palmer;

    Moulton Athletic Club—Jen Barbosa        


Date: Thursday, July 26th                                            Time: 9:00-11:00 AM

Place: Lawrence Co. Ag Center/Extension Office         Cost: FREE

Participants will prepare and enjoy a meal perfect for picnics.

Also will learn valuable food safety tips and proper handwashing.

Instructors: Extension Staff–Jennifer Palmer & Susan Hill