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Timely Information – Factors Affecting the Nutrient Content and Composition of Poultry Litter

The poultry industry in Alabama is comprised primarily of broiler production. Hence, broiler litter is the number one poultry waste generated in the state. Land application of litter to forages and row crops are a viable option for utilizing this valuable resource. With escalating fertilizer prices, farmers are developing a renewed interest in litter for its nutrient value. The litter is also considered a soil builder because it helps to improve soil organic matter content of highly weathered soils. Furthermore, it improves soil microbial activity and helps to increase overall soil health. However, the nutrient content of litter can be extremely variable. This publication provides and overview of poultry litter and the factors that cause variations in litter nutrient content.

Please click on the link below to view the publication:

Timely Information Nutrient Managemnet Series-Factors Affecting the Nutrient Content and Composition of Poultry Litter

Deal with Holiday Stress & Beat the Winter Blues

The holiday season is here.  It is time for family get-togethers, decorating, shopping, gift-wrapping, baking, and attending special events.  You and your family may feel stressed because of the extra demands placed upon already busy schedules.  We put too much pressure on ourselves to create the “perfect” family occasion.  The three main causes of  stress  are relationships, finances, and physical demands.   Sometimes emotional disappointments combined with excess fatigue and stress result in post-holiday letdown.    It can take us the rest of the winter to recover.

 The  following  25  tips  can  help  you  to  avoid  stress  overload  and  ward  off  the  “blues”  :    Make time for yourself each day to relax and plan ahead.

  1. Remind yourself to slow down, take 3-10 deep breaths and relax!      
  2. Check our attitude – Focus on peace, love, joy, and fun!
  3. Be realistic about what you can accomplish. Avoid scheduling too many extra activities and obligations.  It is OK to say NO! Try these statements:  “Yes, if you’ll help me!”, “I really can’t give that the attention it deserves right now.”, or “I’d love to, but right now I just can’t.”  
  4. Don’t raise your expectations too high for the holidays.
  5. Get the whole family involved. Share the work and the joy.  Encourage children to keep up with their chores and responsibilities.   Sharing tasks allows everyone to feel like a part of the celebration and fun.
  6. Sit down as a family and make a list of all the things that need to be done. Let them volunteer to help or  delegate tasks.
  7. Make up a calendar that includes dates and times of all activities to attend, and a schedule of when tasks such as cleaning, baking, and shopping need to be done.
  8. Think about cutting out some activities. Ask your family members if they really enjoy and want to continue to do certain activities.  You may be surprised.  What you thought was a “must do”  may not really be enjoyed by most people in your family.
  9. Plan easy meals. Double batch casseroles and put one in the freezer for a quick meal.
  10. Control your holiday eating by not overeating; eating only what you really need; eating light healthy snacks; and drinking plenty of water (at least 8 glasses or 64 ounces or half of your weight in ounces of water).
  11. Exercise regularly for 30 minutes, get 6-10 hours of sleep, and don’t skip breakfast.
  12. Keep children’s eating and sleep routines as close to normal as possible to prevent them from becoming cranky, overtired, or getting sick.
  13. Expect young children to misbehave occasionally. Remember that they have short attention spans and tire easily.  Continue to enforce rules and limits.  Children need a stable and predictable world!
  14. Keep traditions and family gatherings simple. Allow for flexibility. 
  15. Shop with spending plan and gift ideas for each person. Stick to the spending limits you’ve set to avoid overspending.   When you spend more than you can afford, you prolong the stress into the New Year.
  16. Resist comparisons. Others may be able to do or give more, but more is not always better!
  17. Remember that people are more important than things, events, or tasks.
  18. Focus on what you have rather than what you don’t have. Count your blessings.
  19. Focus on sharing and doing for others rather than receiving (What can I do to help others?).
  20. Discuss holiday schedules and traditions ahead of time. This way, the child and all family members can plan ahead and know what to expect.
  21. When visiting, share your plans with your host/parents, so everyone knows what to expect.
  22. Realize that there will be disappointments as well as excitement and friction as well as happiness.
  23. Don’t expect yourself or those around you to be at their best all the time.
  24. Laugh! Look for ways to keep humor in your life.  It’s good for you!

Happy Thanksgiving & Merry Christmas!  See you in 2019 at an Extension program!


Melanie Allen, REA, Family & Child Development

 256-200-2996    allenmg@aces.edu        



The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University), is an equal opportunity educator and employer.  Everyone is welcome!  www.aces.edu